(function() { var didInit = false; function initMunchkin() { if(didInit === false) { didInit = true; Munchkin.init('105-GAR-921'); } } var s = document.createElement('script'); s.type = 'text/javascript'; s.defer = true; s.src = '//munchkin.marketo.net/munchkin.js'; s.onreadystatechange = function() { if (this.readyState == 'complete' || this.readyState == 'loaded') { initMunchkin(); } }; s.onload = initMunchkin; document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0].appendChild(s); })();(function(h,o,t,j,a,r){ h.hj=h.hj||function(){(h.hj.q=h.hj.q||[]).push(arguments)}; h._hjSettings={hjid:1422437,hjsv:6}; a=o.getElementsByTagName('head')[0]; r=o.createElement('script');r.defer=1; r.src=t+h._hjSettings.hjid+j+h._hjSettings.hjsv; a.appendChild(r); })(window,document,'https://static.hotjar.com/c/hotjar-','.js?sv=');

Nick Goold

As the forex market operates continuously throughout the week, the closure during the weekend can result in a discrepancy between the closing price on Friday and the opening price on Sunday. Below we delve into the dynamics of the weekend gap trading strategy in forex, a tactic that many traders utilize to harness profit from this particular market characteristic.

Defining Weekend Gaps

Forex trading is known for its 24/5 activity, following the business hours of the world's major financial centers. At the end of the New York trading session on Friday, the forex market draws to a close and only reopens with the Sydney session on Monday. During this time, currency prices are susceptible to change due to many factors, such as emerging geopolitical events, newly-released economic data, or other significant news that can move the markets. When the trading resumes, if the opening price differs markedly from Friday's closing price, a "gap" is said to have occurred.

The Theory Behind Weekend Gap Trading Strategy

The weekend gap trading strategy has gained traction among forex traders eager to capitalize on these price discrepancies. The primary premise of this strategy is the market's propensity to attempt to fill the gap, meaning that the price will endeavor to return to the Friday closing point. Therefore, traders strive to initiate positions as soon as the market opens on Sunday, banking on the price reversal to close the gap.

Executing Weekend Gap Trades

To proficiently trade weekend gaps, there are several vital steps to consider:

Identify the Gap

The first task at the market opening on Sunday is to ascertain whether a substantial gap has formed between the closing price on Friday and the opening price on Sunday.

Initiate the Trade

If a gap exists, the next step is to place a trade in the direction that anticipates closing the gap. For instance, if the opening price on Sunday is higher than the closing price on Friday (an upward gap), a short position would be the appropriate move, predicting a decline in the price to close the gap.

Timing is vital, as entering too early will likely result in a loss. An opening gap will initially result in some traders who held positions on Friday needing to exit with a loss. To profitably trade this pattern, wait until the stop loss orders are finished to enter a position. If the market suddenly moves in one direction and then quickly starts to move in the reverse, it could be a sign that the stop loss orders are finished and a good entry point.

Determine Stop Loss and Take Profit Points

A simple risk management strategy is to set your stop loss below the opening of the Monday price and a target at Friday's close. More advanced traders will use trailing stops to reduce risk and look for opportunities to extend profits should the market return to Friday's close.

Supervise the Trade

After placing the trade, it's vital to monitor it closely. Depending on the market's volatility, gaps can close quickly or gradually. Sometimes, the gap may not close during the upcoming trading week, and this can lead to significant losses if you do not exercise caution, as many other traders will be stuck with a similar losing position.

Risks of Gap Trading

While weekend gap trading can present lucrative opportunities, it is crucial to be mindful of the associated risks:

Non-Closing Gaps

Not all gaps close. Some gaps linger open for an extended period, leading to drawn-out periods of negative return. Do not assume all gaps will close. Weekend news events can be important and start new price trends which can continue for a long time.


The forex market can exhibit considerable volatility during the opening on Monday. Slippage can occur, meaning your orders may be executed at a different level than you've set. Be patient with your entry point and avoid chasing the market.

Risk of Wide Gaps

Over the weekend, major events or news releases can trigger unusually wide gaps, which might exceed your risk tolerance. Wait until the market calms down to reduce your risk.

Integrating Risk Management in Gap Trading

Incorporating effective risk management techniques is a crucial aspect of weekend gap trading. Here are some ways to safeguard your trading activities:

Risk Per Trade

Each trade should only risk a small fraction of your trading capital, typically no more than 1-2%.

Correlation Risk

If you're trading gaps on several currency pairs that are closely correlated, you should be aware of the correlation risk.

News Awareness

Stay updated about significant news events over the weekend that could catalyze extensive gaps. News analysis can be complicated as analysts will have varying views on the importance of an event but never underestimate the power of market news on Forex prices.

Backtesting and Demo Trading Your Gap Trading Strategy

It is essential to test any new strategy before implementation. Begin by backtesting the gap trading strategy against historical data, and then practice it in a demo account to observe how it performs under real-time market conditions. This will allow you to assess its effectiveness and adjust based on your observations.

The Psychology of Gap Trading

A less discussed but equally important aspect of gap trading is trader psychology. It requires patience to wait for the market to open and see if a gap forms. Emotional control is crucial once a trade is initiated, as the price may move against you before the gap starts to close. Sticking to your predetermined stop loss and taking profit without succumbing to fear or greed can often be the difference between success and failure in gap trading.


Weekend gap trading is a potentially very profitable strategy that capitalizes on the pause in the forex market. While it can offer substantial profits, it's crucial to understand the associated risks and employ effective risk management strategies.